In a healthy bladder there is a natural barrier that protects the bladder lining from the urine. This barrier is called the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) layer. If this barrier is damaged, urine comes into direct contact with the tissues of the bladder lining and over time can cause damage to these tissues.

Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) is instilled directly into the bladder. The procedure is quite painless and may be undertaken in a hospital/clinic, or self-administered following instruction from a Health Care Professional. For best results, Hyaluronic Acid should be retained in the bladder for as long as possible (a minimum of 30 minutes).

Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) is administered initially once weekly, for four consecutive weeks, then monthly for 4 months. You may need a top up treatment 3 weekly every 3 months.

Potential side effects are minor and include mild bladder pain and small risk of urine infection

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common,  can be painful and uncomfortable, but they can be easily treated with a course of antibiotics.

UTIs are more common in women than in men. Up to half the population of women will suffer a urinary tract infection (UTI) within their lifetime, of which 25−35% will have a recurrent urinary tract infection within 3−6 months.

A recurrent UTI is defined as three or more uncomplicated infections documented by urine culture in the last 12 months.

Women are more likely than men to have a UTI. This is because in women, the urethra is closer to the anus than it is in men. Also, the urethra is much shorter in women, making it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder.
You are also more likely to develop a UTI if you have:

  • a condition that obstructs or blocks your urinary tract, such as kidney, ureter and bladder stones.
  • High post-vpoid residual volume: a condition that prevents you fully emptying your bladder (it’s easier for bacteria to multiply if urine stays in the bladder for too long)
  • A weakened immune system from chemotherapy or HIV for example.
  • a urinary catheter – a tube inserted into your bladder to drain away the urine.
  • Others: poorly controlled diabetes, cystocele or rectocele, poor fluid intake and constipation