Renal colic is a pain in the flank (loin) caused by a stone in the kidney or ureter, sometimes associated with blood in the urine (Gross or microscopic haematuria). Treatment should include analgesia (pain killers) and further stone management will depend on the location of the stone. Your doctor will discuss this with you in detail.

It is the presence of blood in the urine, either during a urine test (microscopic haematuria) or you can see it when you pass urine (red urine or visible haematuria). This is a serious symptom that needs to be investigated urgently and thoroughly by a urologist. It can be caused by serious conditions such as cancers of the bladder and kidney. It can also be caused by urinary infections or urinary stones (kidney stones). Please ask your doctor to refer you for a urology opinion.

Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) treatment is used to treat bladder overactivity including urinary frequency, urgency and urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence is when a person loses the ability to control their urine resulting in leakage of urine. Urinary incontinence has many different causes and it can be distressing and can severely affect everyday life.
A small, slim needle electrode (like an acupuncture needle) is temporarily inserted just above your ankle. The needle electrode is then connected to the battery-powered stimulator. The stimulator delivers a mild electric current along the needle into the tibial nerve.

A swelling in the scrotum (sac) can be related to the presence of fluid (hydrocele, epididymal cyst), hernia, dilated blood vessels of the testis (varicocele), infection and trauma of the testis. However, a lump in the testis is a condition that needs urgent medical attention to rule out testicular cancer. Please ask your doctor to refer you to a urologist.

A circumcision could be performed if you wish to have it done for cultural or religious reasons. However it could be indicated to treat foreskin problems such as: tight foreskin (phimosis) and recurrent foreskin infections.